To become a Canadian citizen, most applicants must:
There are additional or different requirements if you are:
You don’t automatically become a citizen when you marry a Canadian.
If you’re the spouse of a Canadian citizen, you must meet the same requirements listed above (no exception).
If you have a Canadian parent or grandparent, you may be a Canadian citizen.
Regardless of your age, if you’re applying for citizenship, you must have permanent resident (PR) status in Canada.
You don’t need a valid PR card to apply for citizenship. You can apply with an expired PR card.
You (and some minors, if applicable) must have been physically in Canada for at least 1,095 days (3 years) during the 5 years before the date you sign your application.
In your calculation, you may be able to include some of the time you spent
Canada has two official languages: English and French. If you’re 18 to 54 years of age on the day you sign your application, you must show that you can speak and listen at a specific level in one of these languages.
To become a citizen, you need to meet the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) Level 4 or higher. IRCC accepts various certificates, diplomas and tests as proof of your language skills.
If you’re 18 to 54 years of age on the day you sign your application, you need to take the citizenship test. You’ll need to answer questions about the rights and responsibilities of Canadians and Canada’s history, geography, economy, government, laws and symbols
The test is 30 minutes long, you have to answer 20 multiple-choice and true or false questions (pass mark: 15 correct answers). You can take the test either in English or French.
Learn more about the citizenship test